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It will help me to save

Checking tyre air pressure, and regular tyre maintenance such as rotation, alignment and inspections can help you to save money.

It can extend the life of your tyres so you don’t have to buy as often

Simple things like checking your tyre pressure to make sure that they are properly inflated can make a real difference in how long your tyres last. Under- or over-inflated tyres don’t wear evenly and won’t last as long.
For example, a tyre that is consistently 20% under- inflated can last 20% less.
This means that a tyre that should normally last 40,000 km would be worn out by 32,000 km.
Also, since the front and rear axles and right and left sides of your car wear down your tyres differently, rotating your tyres regularly between the different positions will ensure that they wear evenly and last longer.

It can save you money on fuel

Tyres under inflated by 15 psi (1 bar) have increased rolling resistance leading to around 6% greater fuel consumption.

It only takes few minutes, but it could save more than just time and money.

As your tyres are your only point of contact with the road surface, try to put some time aside on a regular basis to check them. A worn tyre can significantly reduce the performance of your vehicle. If properly cared for, Michelin tyres last an average of 28,000 miles depending on how you drive and road conditions.

  • 1. Tyre pressure

Check your tyre pressures once a month and before long journeys

  • 2. Tread Depth

Check your tyres' tread depth and general condition regularly.

  • 3. Suspension alignment

A good time to get your suspension alignment checked is at a service or prior to an MOT.

  • 4. Balancing

If tyres are being rotated around the vehicle, check the balance at the same time. Tyre rotation is usually done every 6,000 to 8,000 miles.

  • 5. Valves

It’s essential for safety reasons to replace tyre valves every time the tyres are changed.

Air Pressure: what should I know?

General Guidelines

  • Check the pressure of all your tyres monthly, including the spare. Even if you don’t see any damage, tyres can lose up to 1 psi – pounds per square inch – every month. This can be accelerated by air leaks due to accidental puncture, leaks in the valve or valve cap, or by wheel malfunction.
  • Check your tyre pressure before making a long trip.
  • For the best results, check your tyre pressure when the tyres are cool – before driving the car or if it has covered less than 3 km at low speed.
  • If the tyre is hot, add 4-5 psi to the car manufacturer's recommended pressure value or wait until it has cooled down, which is an average of three hours after parking the car.
  • Never deflate a hot tyre.

How do I check my tyre pressure?

  1. Insert the pressure gauge into the valve stem on your tyre.
  2. The gauge will “pop” out and show a number: that's the psi number.
  3. The hissing sound is air escaping the tyre. It shouldn’t affect pressure substantially, unless you hold down the air-pressure gauge for too long.
  4. Compare the measured psi to the recommended psi.
  5. If the psi is above the recommended number, let air out until they match. If it's below, add air until it reaches the proper number.

Where can I find the recommended pressure for my tyres?

  • In the vehicle owner's manual.
  • On a sticker on the driver's door or the fuel tank door.
  • Do not use the number on your tyre’s sidewall, as this does not indicate the pressure needed in your tyre.

About pressure gauges

  • Be careful if you are using a pressure gauge provided in a service station. The pressure gauges are often unreliable.
  • Buy a high-quality pressure gauge and check its accuracy with a tyre professional.

Getting it right is important

Under-inflated or over-inflated tyres can wear down faster than expected, have reduced grip and can consume more fuel. It just takes a few minutes a month to help ensure your safety and the longevity of your tyres.

Valve: what should I know?

It’s essential for safety reasons to replace tyre valves every time the tyres are changed.

The valve plays a very important part in keeping your tyre airtight. It is subjected to high pressure and gradually deteriorates due to the forces put on it from the rotation of the wheel. These forces are quite dramatic. At 62mph the valve has a force of 1.7 kg pulling on it. It's essential to have the valve replaced each time a tyre is changed. This will contribute to the life expectancy and safety of your tyres.

It could prove a false economy to compromise the life of your tyres, or even your personal safety, for the sake of the price of a new valve. Be sure to check carefully with your tyre dealer that they've replaced the valves when they change your tyres.

How to check your tyre tread wear levels

General

Because it’s the only part of the vehicle that grips the road, the depth of tread on your tyres is a very important for the safety of your vehicle. It also signals the health of the tyre. Driving with low tread depth increases the potential for tyre failure and aquaplaning. Low tread depth in winter weather conditions can severely reduce grip and control. Motorists driving with tyres under the legal limit also risk a fine.

Two steps

Step 1 - Access the tyre tread

The first step in checking tyre tread depth is to get good access to your tyres.

  • Park on a wide, flat and even surface in a safe place off the public highway with the engine switched off and put the keys in your pocket.
  • Put on the handbrake (parking brake) and engage first gear (for manual gearboxes) or park (for automatics).
  • Once you have clear and safe access to the tyres you can begin the inspection.

Step 2 - Check the tread

With the tyre tread you can begin to check the depth of the tread and the condition of tyre. Don’t rely on guesswork: purchase an easy-to-use tread depth gauge so that you can monitor your tyres. Measuring tread depth is not difficult with this simple device and requires only a few minutes of time.

The legal minimum tread depth in Europe is 1.6 mm across the central three-quarters of the tread width and round its entire circumference. Check the depth of the main tread grooves in several places across and around the tyre, using the gauge as instructed by its manufacturer. Tyres also have tread wear indicators moulded into the base of the main grooves. When the tread surface is worn to the same level as these indicators, the tyre is at the legal limit and should be replaced.

However you check your tyre tread depths, if they are approaching the legal limit or if you have any doubts, get them checked professionally by a tyre specialist.

Tyre rotation: what should I know?

What is it?

During rotation, each tyre and wheel is removed from your vehicle and moved to a different position to ensure that all tyres wear evenly and last longer

When should I do it?

Tyres should be rotated every six months or 6,000 to 8,000 miles.
However, check your owner's manual to see if there is a recommended rotation scheme.

Benefits:

Since the position of the tyre on your vehicle can affect how it wears down, regular rotation helps to ensure that tyres wear evenly, extending the life of your tyres and improving performance.

When should I check my wheel alignment?

If you notice that your vehicle pulls significantly to the left or right when you are travelling on a straight, flat road with little cross-wind, or your tyres are wearing abnormally, then your wheel alignment may require adjustment. You should therefore take your vehicle to a Michelin tyre dealer or a reputable garage to have its wheel alignment checked. This is a simple process, which may require slight adjustment of front and/or rear suspension components. If your vehicle’s wheels are not properly aligned, this can cause abnormal wearing of the tyres.

Note that wheel alignment may also be referred to as suspension alignment.

Always have your vehicle’s alignment checked when:

  • Your vehicle has hit something (e.g. a kerb or major road hazard).
  • You notice that your tyres are wearing abnormally or unevenly.
  • You experience steering or handling problems, such as:
    + Your vehicle pulls or drifts to one side.
    + Your steering wheel does not return easily after a turn.
    + Your steering wheel remains at an angle when driving in a straight line.
  • When you buy a new set of tyres and want them to last as long as possible.
  • When you replace suspension or steering components.

Why is wheel alignment important?

Wheel alignment can affect the amount of wear and tear that tyres endure. The normal alignment on most vehicles is designed to minimise wear and tear and maximise driver and passenger comfort. Correct four wheel alignment will reduce wear on your tyres, help increase their life and performance, and improve fuel economy. It will also improve handling and driving safety by reducing steering and stability problems.

How are wheels aligned?

Correcting wheel alignment involves adjusting the angles of the wheels so that they have the specified amount of toe in / toe out and camber. The three main adjustments which may be made concerning alignment are camber, caster, and toe.

Tyre balancing: what should I know?

What is it?

  • Sometimes when tyres are mounted the distribution of weight of the tyre+wheel assembly is not perfectly even all around the tyre.
  • A wheel is out of balance when one area is heavier or lighter than the rest. The result is bouncing or wobbling, which can decrease tread life, increase vibration and cause stress on your vehicle.
  • Tyre balancing compensates for the weight differences to make sure that the tyre weight is balanced. Tyre professionals will add weights where necessary to counterbalance the tyres.

When should I balance my tyres?

  • When a tyre is replaced
  • When a balance weight is moved or removed
  • When you purchase new tyres

How are wheels balanced?

  1. To balance a wheel, your mechanic uses a balancing machine to determine where the heavy spots are.
  2. Weights are then attached to the exterior or interior of the wheel to counteract the centrifugal forces acting on the heavy areas when the wheel is turning.

Any advice?

If you ever feel bouncing, wobbling or vibrations, consult a tyre professional quickly.

What are the basics?

  • If you change between sets of tyres, proper storage ensures that your tyres’ appearance and performance are maintained.
  • Tyres should always be stored in a cool, dry, clean, indoor environment:
    If tyres sit outdoors, unused for long periods of time (a month or more), their surfaces will become dry and surface cracks can appear.

Before storing your tyres:

  • Before removing your tyres, note their position on your car. This will allow you to properly rotate your tyres next time you mount them to ensure that they wear evenly.
  • Inspect each one for damage or uneven wear.
  • Clean your wheels and tyres with water and dry them well to limit any corrosion.
  • Remove any stones or debris that have been trapped in the tyre grooves.

Storing your tyres:

  • Store your tyres indoors in a clean, cool and dark location away from direct sunlight, sources of heat and ozone such as hot pipes or electric generators.
  • If you are storing outdoors (recommended for a short time only), raise tyres off the ground and use a waterproof covering with holes to prevent moisture build-up.
  • Ensure that the surfaces on which tyres are stored are clean and free from grease, petrol, solvents, oils or other substances that could deteriorate the rubber.
  • For aesthetic reasons, if your tyres have white wall or raised white lettering, store them with the white wall or raised white lettering facing each other. Otherwise, the black rubber could stain them.
  • If tyres are on a vehicle parked for a long period, the weight of the vehicle needs to be taken off the tyres by jacking it up or removing the tyres. Failure to do this may cause irreversible damage.

How to store tyres with rims

If you need to store tyres that are mounted on rims, hang them up or stack them. Do not store them standing upright.

How to store tyres without rims

If the tyres are not fitted on rims, do not stack or hang them. Store them standing up.

Your safety comes first - always! Helpful tips for changing a punctured wheel

  • DO NOT attempt to change a wheel if it risks the safety of you or your passengers.
  • Carry a pair of sturdy gloves
  • Carry a bin bag in your boot, in case the tyre you're removing is covered in mud!
  • Carry a sturdy board to place your jack on in case the ground is soft, to avoid the jack sinking in.
  • Where necessary, use a light machine oil on the wheel nut threads to help their removal.
  • Check the inflation pressure of the spare tyre before fitting. If this is not possible, once fitted drive carefully at low speed until it can be checked.
  • Visit the nearest service station and inflate the tyre correctly.
  • Badly tightened wheel nuts risk damage to the brake discs or wheel mounting system
  • Use a torque wrench to make sure you tighten the nuts correctly with the correct torque.
    If you don't have a torque wrench get a tyre specialist to check them as soon as possible.
    This will ensure the correct torque has been applied.

Correctly tightened wheelnuts will also make it easy to remove them.

What should I do before I leave?

  • Make sure that your vehicle is up-to-date on all inspections.
  • see Scheduled care tips

  • Check your tyres’ air pressure and compare to the information on the tyre information sticker in your vehicle’s door, fuel tank or in your owner’s manual. You can also find the right pressure for your tyres through our Tyre Selector vehicle search.
  • Where is it and what does it mean?

  • Check your tyres’ tread wear and condition visually. If your tread seems worn down or the tyres seem damaged, have the tyres checked by a professional.

See How to check if you have enough tread left